Second Sunday after Epiphany

Pastor's Summary of John 2:1-11

John uses symbolism extensively in his telling of the good news. He says in 20:31:"these signs are written so that you may come to believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that through believing you may have life in his name." Our reading looks forward to Jesus' resurrection and glorification (:on the third day", v. 1), the Last Supper, and the messianic banquet expected at the end of time, when Christ comes again. The "mother of Jesus" appears for the first time in the gospel; the last time is when she stands at the foot of the cross. On both occasions, Jesus addresses her as "Woman" (v. 4) a title roughly equivalent to Madam today: Jesus is guided in his ministry only by the Father's will ("my hour...") Mary's words in v. 5 suggest that she believes in Jesus, as she does at the foot of the cross. Jesus has the water jars filled completely ("to the brim", v. 7) with water. In Judasim, the "rites of purification" (v. 6, washing before and after eating) were ceremonial, but in totally transforming water into wine, Jesus replaces the old (Judaism) with the new wine is a symbol originating in Christ. In Isaiah, marriage between God and his people symbolizes the fulfillment of God's purpose for his people; here the abundance of good wine symbolizes the joy accompanying the arrival of the end of the era. John presents signs as aids to people in reaching his objectives (20:31). Jesus shows that God is present in his very naure, "his glory".