Fourth Sunday after Pentecost (Jun 17th)

Pastor's  Summary of 1 Samuel 15:34-16:13

!5:1-31 tells of God's further rejection of Saul. He has won various wars, but in 15:10 God says through Samuel: "I regret that I made Saul king, for he has turned back from following me, and has not carried out my commands". His orders from God were to utterly destroy the Amalekites, including their possessions. But Saul has disobeyed: he has spared their king, and allowed his soldiers to keep the best of their livestock. As Samuel has turned to leave, Saul has grasped the hem of his robe, tearing it. Samuel has taken this as evidence that "the Lord has torn the kingdom of Israel from you.." (15:28)

Now Samuel returns home to Ramah and Saul to his base, Gibeah. God commands Samuel to make a journey to Jesse and his family, secretly, lest Saul kill him. He is to appear to be on a pilgrimage. Perhaps the elders are let into the secret: they are to sanctify themselves, perhaps wash ritually in preparation for a consecration. Jesse's sons are presented to Samuel, the eldest first, but it is the youngest, David, whom God has chosen-and whom Samuel anoints. David has gained legitimacy as future king of Israel, but it is only in 2 Samuel 5:1-5 that he is actually made king.