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Fourteenth Sunday after Pentecost (Aug 21st)

Pastor's Summary of Luke 13:10-17

In the story of the healing of the crippled woman, Jesus shows what it means to be a citizen of God's kingdom-through his actions.  That he heals a woman and refers to her as a "daughter of Abraham" (v. 16), a full member of Jewish society, is remarkable: the kingdom is equally open to women and the sick. In Jesus' day, physical and mental ailments were seen as the work of evil forces ("Satan"); the very being of someone with a serious ailment was thought to be hostile to God. The woman does not ask to be cured; no one asks on her behalf; Jesus notices here ("Jesus saw her", v. 12). Her response to his saving action is to praise God (v. 13). anyone could speak in the synagogue: the "leader" (v. 14) speaks to the "crowd", but his words are directed at Jesus. He is blind to God's kingdom.

Jesus' rebuttal is clever, for while untying an ox or a donkey on the sabbath was forbidden in one part of the Mishnah (a Jewish book of laws), it was permitted in another. Jesus has "set free" (v. 12), untied, the woman who was tied to Satan. If you untie animals on the sabbath, why not humans? Honor and "shame" (v. 16) were, and are, important in Near Eastern cultures. Realizing that Jesus is right the "leader" (v. 14) and other "opponents" (v. 17) were, and are shyamed before the crowd, who rejoice , important in Near Eastern cultures. Realizing that Jesus is right, the "leader" (v. 14) and other "oponents" (v. 17) are shamed before the crowd, who rejoice in this wonder-worker. The kingdom is open to all when they turn to God.